Over view

An Giang is located west of the Mekong Delta between the Tien Giang and Hau Giang Rivers and shares a 95-km border with Cambodia. It is next to the Cuu Long River and consists of a few midland areas and low mountains.

An Giang is criss-crossed by many rivers and canals which make a convenient water transport system. The two tributaries of the Mekong river, the Tien and the Hau, run across the province. They deliver millions of cubic meters of alluvium annually to the region. As a result, the deposits have formed several islets which are extremely fertile and covered with lush green vegetation.

Geography

An Giang Province is located to the west of the Mekong Delta between the Tien and Hau rivers and shares a 100km border with Cambodia in the north - west. It also shares border with Dong Thap Province in the east, Can Tho City in the south - east, and Kien Giang Province in the south - west.

Terrain: An Giang has two main types of topography: midland areas and low mountains. The low mountains is Bay Nui (Seven Mountains) in Tinh Bien and Tri Ton districts. Vinh Te Tunnel runs along with the province's border in the west, which connects from Chau Doc to Ha Tien.

Climate: The region is located in a monsoon tropical climate where the annual average temperature varies between 26 and 28°C. The two distinct seasons are the dry season, from December to April, and the rainy season, from May to November. Floods often occur from the middle of August to the middle of November.

History

An Giang first became a province in 1832, having been settled by ethnically Vietnamese migrants moving southwards in search of new land. It is believed that An Giang was once an important center of the vanished Óc Eo culture, presumably owing to its position on the river. Traditionally, An Giang has been known for its silk industry.

Administration

Politically, An Giang is divided into nine districts: An Phu, Tan Chau and Chau Doc, Chau Phu, Chau Thanh, Phu Tan, Cho Moi, Long Xuyen, Thoai Son, Tri Ton and Tinh Bien.

Population

 
The main ethnic groups found in this province are the Kinh, Khmer, Cham, and Hoa,  forming a mosaic cultural unique with cultural and population festivals, such as the Festival of Saint Mother Xu at Sam Mountain, the Khmer Dolta New Year Festival, and the Islamic Ramadan of Cham. There are 23,561 ethnic households, accouting for 5% of the provincial population.
 
An Giang has a population of about 2,151,000 in 2011, in which female makes up 50.69% and the rural area makes up 71.6% of the population. The natural birth rate in 2009 was 1.2%. 

Economy

Chau Doc - An Giang economy is growing fast and strong. With potential is a tourist city, the trade and services are a key industry in the provincial economic development. Supermarkets, trade centers, markets, shopping centers are widely distributed throughout the province. Commodities are widely distributed throughout the city. The hotel restaurant service also developed, with a chain of hotels and restaurants such as Victoria Chau Doc, Victoria Mount Sam, Africa, Ben Da

Society

Education: Some higher educational and training institutions include An Giang University (interdisciplinary training, having over ten thousand students, a placing providing university- and college graduated human resource), Health Intermediate School, An Giang Vocational Training College, two vocational training intermediate schools ( Chau Doc Town and Tri Ton Minor Ethnic Boarding-school ), vocational training centers, provincial and district continuing educational centers, etc. 
 
 
Health care: There are four provincial hospitals, 11 district hospitals, and 11 clinics with 3,580 beds. The ratio of hospital beds per 10,000 people reaches 14.63. The number of doctors per 10,000 people is 5.09. The percentage of malnourished children under 5 is 16.2 %.

Culture

An Giang is the location where many relics belonging to the Oc Eo Civilization have been excavated. Many archaeologists have concluded that An Giang was the location of a bustling commercial sea port built with many major architectural projects which can be traced back to the first century. This conclusion has glorified the province as a one time economically and culturally prosperous locality.

Tourism

An Giang has long been famous for its traditional occupation of mulberry growing, silkworm raising and silk weaving. Famous sites and attractions include An Giang Museum in Long Xuyen, Ba Sam Temple Festival at Sam Mountain in Chau Doc, and Cam Mountain in Binh Tien.

An Giang is also famous for particular festivals as Ba Chua Xu, Chol Chnam Thomay, Dolta festival and ox racing. Other famous sites and attractions include Sam Mountain in Chau Doc, Cam Mountain in Tien Binh, Tuc Dup Hill, grottoes network of Thuy Dai Son, Anh Vu Son, Co To, and many historical vestiges.

Transportation

An Giang has a relatively convenient land and water transport system. National Road 91 connects to Cam-pu-chia. Buses run from Chau Doc to Long Xuyen, Cantho, and other destinations in the Mekong Delta.

Long Xuyen City is 62km from Can Tho, 125km from My Tho, and 190km from Ho Chi Minh City. Chau Doc Town is 96km from Ha Tien, 117km from Can Tho, 179km from My Tho, and 245km from Ho Chi Minh City.

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