Over view

Owning many architecture constructions along with natural favorable conditions, Da Lat has great potential in developing tourism. It is also considered as the center of economy, politics, culture and society of who Central Highlands region.

Da Lat is the provincial city of Lam Dong province, located on Lam Vien Plateau in Central Highlands, Vietnam. This land was formerly home to residents of Lach, Chil, and Sre people. Da Lat today has been kept the role of the economic, political, and cultural center of Lam Dong province. Thanks to its mild climate, beautiful natural scenery and diverse French architectural heritages, Da Lat is also known as many fascinating names: “foggy City”, “City of Flower”, “Home to Cherry Blossoms” or “Little Paris”.

Geography

Geographical location: Da Lat city is located in Lam Vien Plateau with geographic coordinates of 11°48'36" to 12°01'07" north latitude and 108°19'23" to 108°36'27" east longitude. It is adjacent Lac Duong district to the north, with Dong Duong to the east and southeast, with Lam Ha to the west, and with Duc Trong to the southwest.

Terrain: Da Lat terrain is sub-divided into two distinct forms: mountainous terrain and plain terrain on hills. Accordingly, mountainous terrain concentrates in the highland region in the center of the city. This type of the terrain gradually shifts a lower topology, in which Prenn Pass region is characterized by the combination of high mountains and deep valleys. Da Lat center is look like an oval basin in north - south direction with a length of about 18 km and a width of about 12 km.

Climate: Da Lat city owns a cool temperate mountainous climate year-round. In particular, located in the tropical savanna climate, Da Lat retains two distinct seasons: rainy season and dry season. The rainy season in Da Lat occurs at the same time with the south-west monsoon, starting in April and ending in November. Meanwhile, the dry season coincides with the northeast monsoon, which lasts from November to April. The average monthly temperature in Dalat never exceeds 20°C, even in the hottest months.

History

Lam Vien Plateau is home to Lach, Chil, and Sre people of Coho ethnic groups. In late-XIX century, many French explorers made their journeys deeply through the land. On 21 June 1893, on his expedition, Alexandre Yersin set foot in Lam Vien Plateau. Then in mid-1910s, with the boom of World War I, many French people could not go back their home for the holiday; as the result, Da Lat became the ideal destination inspiring French image in Vietnam.  Within 30 years, from a desolate land, a city has been established with the full system of infrastructure, schools, hospitals, hotels, offices and residences covering a total area of 1,760 hectares. After two Vietnam wars, from early 1990s, the city has grown back with a wave of tourists, and its infrastructure systems continued to be built. Da Lat became one of the most attractive tourism centers in Vietnam.

People

According to data in 2011, Da Lat owns 191,803 urban populations, accounting for 90% of the province's population. Like other municipalities, the population density in Da Lat is uneven. Most of them concentrated in central wards like Ward 1, Ward 2, and Ward 6.  Da Lat is also home to many groups, which have diverse origins, from Kinh people, Coho ethnic people to the Chinese, or the French. Today, the majority of Da Lat city's residents are Kinh people, the rest consists of the Chinese, Coho and other ethnic minorities as Tay, Nung, and Cham...The Vietnamese is the official language and is widely used.

Economy

Da Lat economy is specialized sectors of tourism, services and agriculture. Industrial production value of Da Lat in 2011 reached VND 2,047.400 billion, which is equivalent to Bao Loc, the second city of Lam Dong province. In the industrial sector, attracting mostly labor is the processing industry. Thanks to suitable climatic conditions and fertile soil, Da Lat is homeland of tea and coffee grown. In the city, there is also an appearance of many companies of printing, apparel, textile, oil processing, forest product production... In 2011, economic growth rate in Da Lat city reached 17%, the total value of export turnover gained U.S $ 42.7 million and the per capita income about VND 26.6 million.

Culture

Cultural institutions in Da Lat today include Lam Dong Library, Lam Dong Museums, and Lam Dong Children's Culture House. Although there are not too many cultural centers and entertainment venues, Da Lat has retained its own unique culture.

Tourism

Compared with other cities in Vietnam, Da Lat city is favored by nature. Beautiful landscapes of the city scattered in both the downtown area and the suburb, namely Xuan Huong Lake, Cu Hill, Love Valley, Than Tho Lake, Prenn Waterfall... has turned Da Lat tourism into famous destination worldwide.

Thanks to moderate climate, natural resources, and rich humanities, Da Lat attracts millions of tourists to visit and enjoy their vacation yearly. In 2009, the number of accommodation establishments in Da Lat has up to 673 with more than 11,000 operating rooms and a capacity of over 38 thousand tourists.  Among them, there are up to 85 hotels getting 1-5 star standard hotels. Luxuty hotels mainly concentrate in Ward 1 and Ward 2, a few scatters in neighboring wards.

Festival

With the age just over a century, there is not any traditional festival in Da Lat. However, since 2005, the city has organized Flower Festival, a festival with many events and activities to introduce the art of local flowers as well as from other regions throughout Vietnam. Da Lat Flower Festival 2010 was the first event in the series of seven national events celebrating the 1000th anniversary of Thang Long - Hanoi. The festival unexpectedly attracted the great number of tourists. There were nearly 300,000 tourists to Da Lat during the 4 days of the festival on this occasion. In 2012, Flower Festival was held on New Year holiday and attracted more than 300,000 attended tourists. In 2000, the city welcomed 710,000 tourists; yet up to 2009, the number had been tripled more than with over 2.1 million, of which approximately 10% are international tourists. Da Lat Flower Festival is worth one of the most attractive festivals in Da Lat in particular and Vietnam in general.

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