Over view

Da Nang is located in South Central Coast Vietnam. It is a center of economy, culture, education, science and technology in the Central - Central Highlands region. Da Nang today is one of 15 urban centers of grade 1, and one of five centrally cities in Vietnam.

Geography

Geographical location:Coordinates in the mainland of Da Nang city are from 15°15 ' to 16°40' north latitude and from 107°17' to 108°20' east longitude. Da Nang is adjacent Thua Thien - Hue province to the north, with Quang Nam province to the west and south, and with South China Sea to the east.

Terrain: Terrain in Da Nang city consists of coastal plain and mountainous region.  High and steep mountainous region concentrates in the west and northwest. Mountainous terrain occupies a majority, in which the mountainous topography covers a large area with the elevation from 700 - 1500m. Coastal plain is lowland influenced by saline ocean. It is home to many zones of agriculture, industry, services, military and functional areas of the city.

Climate: With its geographical position, climate in Da Nang is typified by the tropical monsoon climate with high temperature and less fluctuations. Da Nang climate is the transition region of sub-tropical climate in the North and savanna tropical climate in the South. There are two distinct seasons around a year: the rainy season from August to December, and the dry season from January to July. The average temperature is about 25.90C. Especially, in mountainous area as Ba Na Hill at the latitude of 1500m, the average temperature is about 20C.

History

In 1835, with the decree of King Minh Mang, Cua Han (name of Da Nang at that time) became the largest commercial port in Central. After the invasion of French into Vietnam in 1889, the French separated Da Nang from Quang Nam and renamed Tourane, marking the birth of the city. After the August Revolution, the city was named as Thai Phien. In 1950, the French handed-over Da Nang back to Bao Dai government. In 1967, Government of Republic of Vietnam determined Da Nang as centrally city. After 1975, Da Nang became a city directly under Quang Nam - Da Nang province. On 6 November 1996, the XI National Assembly adopted Resolution to separate Quang Nam - Da Nang province into Quang Nam province and Da Nang thence was centrally city in Vietnam.

People - Language

According to population census in 2011, the population in Da Nang was 951,700 persons. The population is unevenly distributed among the districts; in which the highest concentration of population is in Thanh Khe district (19,064 people per km2) and Hai Chau district (9,185 people per km2), and lowest in Hoa Vang district with the population density of 164 people per km2. The King people cover the majority of population in Da Nang. Thus the Vietnamese is the official language and commonly used here.

Administration

Da Nang with the total area of 1,285.4 km² is one of 5 centrally cities in Vietnam. Currently, the city retains 6 Districts, namely Hai Chau, Thanh Khe, Son Tra, Ngu Hanh Son, Lien Chieu; 2 districts of Hoa Vang and Hoang Sa, covering 45 wards and 11 communes.

Politics

Like other provinces and cities in Vietnam, Da Nang People's Council is the agency of state power in the city. Da Nang City People's Committee is the executive body of the People's Council and state administrative agencies in the city, which is responsible for implementation of the Constitution and law, documents of Vietnam Government and conference decisions of the municipal People's Council.

Economy

Da Nang's provincial competitiveness index consecutively heads in 3 years (2008, 2009, and 2010); simultaneously, it ranks the top of infrastructure index and forth on investment environment. In the PCI rankings in Vietnam in 2012, Da Nang ranked 12th among 63 provinces and cities..  With its position as the economic center of the Central - Central Highlands region, Da Nang owns a diverse economic sector including industry, agriculture to services, tourism and trade. Economic structure shifted towards increasing the share of services, industry and agriculture's share decreasing. The proportion of service sector in GDP in 2011 was 51%, industry - construction was 46%, and agriculture was 3%.

Society

Health: Investing health and education to ensure high quality of life citizens is a key objective of the efforts in Da Nang. Da Nang currently is home to18 general and specialty hospitals, 11 hospitals and district health centers, 47 commune health stations with more than 900 private clinics.

Education and training: As an educational center which is largest in Central - Central Highlands region and 3rd in Vietnam (after Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City), Da Nang today owns 15 universities and academies, 17 colleges; many professional secondary schools, vocational training centers and more than 200 schools from general education to preschool sectors.

Tourism

Da Nang still hides great potential for tourism development. The city is surrounded by high mountains with spectacular Hai Van Pass to the north; Ba Na resort located at an altitude of over 1000m with the cable system achieving four world records (the longest cable, the longest distance between each stations, the longest unpatched wire and the heaviest cable roll) along with biggest Fantasy Park indoor entertainment complex in Southeast Asia to the west; Son Tra Peninsula with 400 hectares of primary forest and diverse flora and fauna to the northeast; and Marble Mountains scenic spot to the southeast. The city also owns a system of temples, pagodas, shrines under oriental architecture, and churches in Western architecture as Chicken Cathedral..., museums which is the most typical of Museum of Cham Sculpture.  This is the Cham museum displaying artifacts with the largest scale in Vietnam.

Da Nang has successfully built significant tourism events, including International Fireworks Competition which has been held continuously since 2008. In May 2012, Da Nang first deployed International Parachute Competition. In addition, the city is also surrounded by three world cultural heritage: Hue, Hoi An, and My Son. Far a little bit is Bach Ma National Park, and Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park - world natural heritage. Da Nang thus is considered an important transit point on the Central Heritage Road.

Festival

Traditional festivals in Da Nang have existed for thousands of years and been handed down from generation to generation. Festival of Da Nang’s fishermen is known as Ca Ong festival. The festival is held over two days in mid-March in the lunar calendar in coastal regions, such as Thai Man, Tho Quang, Thanh Loc Dan, Xuan Ha, Hiep Hoa....Through the festival, there are many unique traditional games characterizing waters as basket shaking, sailing, swimming, or tug of war...

The biggest festival in Da Nang is Avalokitesvara (Quan The Am) festival which was first held in 1960. In 2000, the festival is recognized as a national festival and is now one of the 15 largest festivals in Vietnam. The festival is annually held from 17 to 19 February (lunar calendar) in Avalokitesvara Temple, located in Marble Mountains scenic landscape complex. In the Avalokitesvara festival, the most outstanding activity is Avalokitesvara statue ceremony. Besides, there is also lantern performance, traditional boat racing, or martial arts demonstrations...

In recent years, Da Nang has created itself new unique festivals. Boat racing festival was annually held on Vietnam National Day on Han River. International Fireworks Competition was held on April 30 drew thousands of people to Da Nang. In detail, the Fireworks festival 2013 has attracted nearly 400,000 tourists to Da Nang city.

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