Over view

Coming to Vinh Long, visitors have chance to walk among the trees, relax in hammocks, try all kinds of delicious tropical fruits in the gardens of An Binh and Binh Hoa Phuoc islands. Several popular places are Mr. Sau Giao's Flower Garden, Mr. Muoi Day's Stilt-House, and Mr. Hai Hoang's Old House. Vinh Long has many pagodas, communal houses such as Van Thanh Temple, Long Thanh Communal House, Tinh Xa Ngoc Vien, Phuoc Hau, Tien Chau, Saghamangala pagodas...

Geography

Situated between the Tien and the Hau rivers, Vinh Long Province is bounded by Tien Giang Province on the north, Dong Thap Province on the north-west, Tra Vinh Province on the south-east, Hau Giang and Soc Trang provinces on the south, and Can Tho City on the south-west.

The terrain is quite flat. The complex network of rivers and canals make convenient transportation. The soil is rich in alluvium, favorable for rice and various fruit cultivation.

Climate: The dry season lasts from December to April, the rainy season last from May to November. The annual average temperature is 27ºC. Average rainfall is from 1,300mm to 1,500mm.

History

Vinh Long was a part of Long Ho Dinh, established by the Nguyen Lord in 1732, comprising the provinces of Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, and parts of Can Tho.

The area saw some of the heaviest fighting between the Tay Son brothers and the Nguyen Lord in the late 18th century. In 1784 Nguyen Hue defeated Siamese forces aiding Nguyen Anh at the Mang Thit River.

In 1951, the Southern Resistance Administrative Committee of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam merged Vinh Long and Tra Vinh provinces into Vinh Tra Province. Vinh Tra existed until 1954. In 1957, the Republic of Vietnam formed Vinh Long Province, consisting of six districts: Châu Thanh, Cho Lach, Tam Binh, Binh Minh, Sa Dec, and Lap Vo. In 1961, Cai Nhum District was split from Cho Lach. Duc Ton District and Duc Thanh District were added in 1962, but joined the newly formed Sa Dec Province in 1966. As of 1975, the province had 7 districts: Châu Thanh, Cho Lach, Tam Binh, Binh Minh, Minh Duc, Tra On, and Vung Liem.

After the fall of the Republic of Vietnam, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam merged Vinh Long with Tra Vinh Province, forming Cuu Long Province in 1976. In 1991, Cuu Long was again split into Vinh Long province and Tra Vinh province.

Administration

Vinh Long is consist of 6 districts Binh Tan, Long Ho, Mang Thit, Tam Binh, Tra On, Vung Liem, 1 Binh Minh town and 1 Vinh Long provincial city. Among them, there are 5 townlets, 94 communes and 10 wards.

Population

The average provincial population in 2013 is 1,040,500. Kinh people make up about 97.3%, other ethnic groups make up 2.7% (Khmer 21,820 people, 2.1%, 4,879 Chinese and 216 other ethnic groups). Kinh people are distributed everywhere; Khmer people live in 48 hamlets, 10 communes and 01 townships in 04 districts of Tra On, Tam Binh, Binh Minh, Vung Liem; The Chinese concentrated in the city of Vinh Long and the towns.

Economy

Prawns and the Basa and Tra catfish are among the many types of fish that exist in abundance in the waters of Vinh Long. Its rich, fertile soil makes Vinh Long an ideal location for the growing of many exotic and delicious fruits, including the strange-looking mangosteen, the spikey rambutan and the pungently fragrant durian. Because of Vinh Long's extensive network of waterways, these fruits and many other items can be purchased for mere pennies from the huge water-based squadron of floating merchants.

Society

Health: According to information from the General Statistics Office in 2008, there are 116 health centers in Vinh Long province under the jurisdiction of the Department of Health. Of which there are 9 hospitals, 101 commune health stations and 6 regional polyclinics. In 2008, the province had 471 doctors, 500 nurses, 623 doctors, 51 senior pharmacists, 192 intermediate pharmacists and 80 pharmacists. Localities have standardized health clinics, especially in Vinh Long, Binh Minh, Vinh Long, Mang Thit and Tra On.

Education: As of September 30, 2011, there were 362 schools in Vinh Long province, including 22 secondary schools, 92 secondary schools, 239 secondary schools, The high school has 9 schools, next to 124 kindergartens and 6 universities and colleges. Below is the list of colleges and universities in Vinh Long Province.

Culture

Due to its geography and its history, the three Kinh, Khmer and Hoa ethnic groups live together and create a unique culture. Vinh Long has many types of folklore such as Van Tien poetry, Tuong singing, Huu Tinh singing, Cai luong singing ... Vinh Long is also home to many historical and cultural relics such as Long Thanh Ho, Vinh Long Temple of Han Dynasty, Tan Giai House, Tan Hoa House, Van Thanh Temple of Vinh Long, memorial site of late Chairman of the Council of Ministers Pham Hung.

Tourism

Silt from Tien and Hau rivers has raised the level of the field. The majority of inhabitants live on farming, fruit planting and cattle rising.

Traveling by water is a common practice here for such mundane tasks as grocery shopping as well as getting to restaurants and tourist attractions located on small islets accessible only by boat. Tourist infrastructure is still in its infancy here, but comfortable lodging and great food can be had for very reasonable prices.

Coming here, visitors have chance to walk among the trees, relax in hammocks, try all kinds of delicious tropical fruits in the gardens of An Binh and Binh Hoa Phuoc islands. Several popular places are Mr. Sau Giao's Flower Garden, Mr. Muoi Day's Stilt-House, and Mr. Hai Hoang's Old House.

Vinh Long has many pagodas, communal houses such as Van Thanh Temple, Long Thanh Communal House, Tinh Xa Ngoc Vien, Phuoc Hau, Tien Chau, Saghamangala pagodas...

Transport

Vinh Long is 70km from My Tho, 34km from Can Tho and 136km from Ho Chi Minh City. The inter-province bus station is 5km from the centre of Vinh Long. There are buses between Vinh Long and Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, My Tho, Long Xuyen, Sa Dec, Rach Gia, and other Mekong Delta destinations. National Highway No.1A and No.53 also runs through the province.

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